Installing Ubuntu on a MacBook Pro, especially one with a Touch Bar, can be a bit tricky due to the proprietary hardware used in Macs. Here’s a step-by-step guide to get you started. This guide will take you through creating a bootable USB, installing Ubuntu, and dealing with potential post-installation tweaks:
Table of Content
- Create a Bootable USB
- Boot from USB
- Install Ubuntu
- Post-Installation Tweaks
- Updates and Maintenance
- A USB drive with at least 8 GB of space.
- An active internet connection.
- A MacBook Pro 13” with Touch Bar.
- A copy of the Ubuntu ISO, which can be downloaded from the official Ubuntu website.
- Insert your USB drive.
Disk Utility, select the USB drive, and format it as
- Download and install an application called Balena Etcher.
- Open Balena Etcher, select the downloaded Ubuntu ISO, and flash it onto the USB drive.
- Turn off your MacBook Pro.
- Press and hold the
Option/Altkey and power on the MacBook Pro.
- At the boot menu, select the USB drive (It might be labeled
- Choose “Try Ubuntu without installing” to make sure everything works fine before installing.
- Double-click on the “Install Ubuntu” icon on the desktop.
- Follow the installation prompts. Choose “Erase disk and install Ubuntu” if you wish to replace macOS, or “Install alongside” to keep both.
- After the installation completes, restart your MacBook Pro.
MacBook Pro’s with a Touch Bar might require additional tweaks post-installation:
- To get basic Touch Bar support, you can use a tool called Touchbar for Linux. It doesn’t provide the same functionality as macOS, but it does offer basic support.
- If WiFi doesn’t work out of the box, you might need to install additional drivers. Broadcom chips, common in Macs, usually require proprietary drivers. You can use a wired connection or tether to another device temporarily to download the necessary drivers.
For better power management and graphics performance, consider installing TLP and graphics drivers:
sudo apt install tlp tlp-rdw sudo tlp start
The sound might not work out-of-the-box. A workaround for many Mac models is to install the
sudo apt install pulseaudio
Once your system is set up, always keep it updated for best performance and security:
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade
- Due to the proprietary nature of Apple’s hardware, not all features will work flawlessly on Ubuntu.
- Always make a backup of your data before beginning any OS installation or major system change.
- If you’re looking for a more macOS-like experience on Ubuntu, consider looking into distributions like elementary OS.